About Salem County

DISCOVER THE POSSIBILITIES IN SALEM COUNTY

In an age of urban sprawl, Salem County stands out as an unspoiled oasis with a genuine, “down-home country” feel that pervades every facet of the county.  Its agricultural, historical, cultural and economic characteristics are surpassed only by the people here who work as a team to preserve the features that make the county great while planning to keep it viable for future generations.

Salem, which means “peace,” is a place steeped in history and tradition. The county is the site of the first Quaker Colony in North America established in 1675.  The majestic Salem Oak, which still stands today, is said to be the site where John Fenwick, a member of the Religious Society of Friends, entered into a treaty with the Lenni-Lenape tribe for the land that is Salem County today.  The exchange between John Fenwick and the Lenape Indians planted the seed that would grow into Salem County’s rich history.

Even in those early days, Salem County had a reputation for being a peaceful place, and that quality attracted many settlers.  Swedes, Finns, English, Germans, Africans, Irish, and French Huguenots soon made the County home before the Revolution.  In time, Salem became home to distinctive architecture, a rich maritime heritage, and many Revolutionary War and Underground Railroad sites. To this day, residents and visitors can journey to places where lives were risked and sometimes lost in this country’s fight for freedom.

Salem County features some of the finest wildlife areas in New Jersey. The county’s natural features include six rivers, more than 34,000 acres of meadow and marshland, tidal and freshwater wetlands, 40 lakes and ponds, beaches, expansive woodlands, a critical underground aquifer, numerous streams, and important headwaters.

Much like times past, Salem County is still a place of open spaces, making it attractive to the agricultural industry and business developers alike. While 42.6 percent of the land is under active farm cultivation, county developers, and builders are cultivating the terrain for new businesses and industry to take their place among the already established and flourishing areas of manufacturing.

The County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, which has met continuously in Salem City, the county seat, since 1694. Peaceful surroundings, coupled with a solid, diverse educational system, a variety of state-of-the-art health care options, and distinct small-town communities, make Salem County a great place to live, to work, and to play.

 

VIEW COUNTY STATS

People Salem County, New Jersey United States
Population    
Population estimates, July 1, 2015 64,180 321,418,820
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010 66,083 308,758,105
Population, percent change, April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 (V2015) -2.9% 4.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 66,083 308,745,538
Age & Sex    
Persons under 5 years, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 5.6% 6.2%
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 2010 5.8% 6.5%
Persons under 18 years, percent, July 1, 2015 (V2015) 22.0% 22.9%
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 2015 23.5% 24.0%
Persons 65 years and over, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 17.8% 14.9%
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 2010 15.0% 13.0%
Female persons, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 51.3% 50.8%
Female persons, percent, April 1, 2010 51.3% 50.8%
Race & Hispanic Origin    
White alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) (a) 81.5% 77.1%
White alone, percent, April 1, 2010 (a) 79.8% 72.4%
Black or African American alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) (a) 14.8% 13.3%
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 2010 (a) 14.1% 12.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) (a) 0.5% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 2010 (a) 0.4% 0.9%
Asian alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) (a) 1.0% 5.6%
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 2015, (V2015) (a) 0.8% 4.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) (a) Z 0.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010 (a) Z 0.2%
Two or More Races, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 2.2% 2.6%
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 2010 2.2%
2.9%
Hispanic or Latino, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) (b) 8.2% 17.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b) 6.8% 16.3%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015)
75.1%
61.6%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 76.8%
63.7%
Population Characteristics    
Veterans, 2010-2014 5,212 20,700,711
Foreign born persons, percent, 2010-2014 5.0%
13.1%
Housing    
Housing units, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 27,632 134,789,944
Housing units, April 1, 2010 27,417 131,704,730
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2010-2014 70.9%
64.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2010-2014 $189,300 $175,700
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2010-2014 $1,780
$1,522
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2010-2014 $762 $457
Median gross rent, 2010-2014 $999 $920
Building permits, 2015 43 1,182,582
Familes & Living Arrangements    
Households, 2010-2014 24,665 116,211,092
Persons per household, 2010-2014 2.60 2.63
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2010-2014 89.9% 85.0%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2010-2014 8.0% 20.9%
Education    
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2010-2014 85.8% 86.3%
Bachelor’s degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2010-2014 20.4% 29.3%
Health    
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2010-2014 10.7% 8.5%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent 11.0% 10.5%
Economy    
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2010-2014 63.0% 63.5%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2010-2014 58.2% 58.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 89,248 708,138,598
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 319,868 2,040,441,203
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c) D 5,696,729,632
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 1,825,444 $14,453
Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000) 82,295 5,208,023,478
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 627,036 4,219,821,871
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c) $9,533 $13,443
Transportation    
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2010-2014 26.2 25.7
Income & Poverty    
Median household income (in 2014 dollars), 2010-2014 $60,768 $53,482
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2014 dollars), 2010-2014 $28,987 $28,555
Persons in poverty, percent 13.1%
13.5%
Business    
Total employer establishments, 2014 1,147
7,563,085
Total employment, 2014 18,309
121,079,879
Total annual payroll, 2014 1,041,230
5,940,442,637
Total employment, percent change, 2013-2014 -3.9%
2.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2014 2,807
23,836,937
All firms, 2012 3,760
27,626,360
Men-owned firms, 2012 2,233
14,844,597
Women-owned firms, 2012 951
9,878,397
Minority-owned firms, 2012 395
7,952,386
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 3,137
18,987,918
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 312
2,521,682
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 3,107
24,070,685
Geography    
Population per square mile, 2010 199.1
87.4
Land area in square miles, 2010 331.90
3,531,905.43
iFIPS Code
34033 00

This geographic level of poverty and health estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels of these estimates

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable.

The vintage year (e.g., V2015) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2015). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.

(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.

(c) Economic Census – Puerto Rico data are not comparable to U.S. Economic Census data

D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information

F: Fewer than 25 items

NA: Not available

X: Not applicable

S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards

Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown

Source: US Census Bureau

 

Municipalities

Alloway Township
Carneys Point Township
Elmer Borough
Elsinboro Township
Lower Alloways Creek Township
Mannington Township
Oldmans Township
Borough of Penns Grove
Pennsville Township
Pilesgrove Township
Pittsgrove Township
Quinton Township
City of Salem
Upper Pittsgrove Township
Borough of Woodstown

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